Images are protected according to the Swedish Copyright Act (URL:1960:729). To reuse an image, you need permission from the creator, unless the specific reuse is allowed according to exceptions stipulated in the copyright act or if there is a license that allows the reuse.
According to the Swedish Copyright Act, artistic works, such as images, illustrations, photographs, and works of art automatically protected until 70 years have passed after the death of its creator. The law states that the creator has both a right to economic compensation, and a moral right to always be given credit if his/her work is used. If you wish to use a work that has been created by someone else in, for example your presentation, publication, or teaching session, please note that you often have an obligation to get the copyright holder’s permission first. The creator can choose to make their image available for reuse in different ways, for example by licensing it.
Depending on the type of work and what usage is intended, different rules may apply. For example, The Swedish Copyright Act makes certain allowances for scholarly texts. The right to cite applies to literary works (chapter 2 22 §), but not to works of art. However, works of art that have been made public may be reproduced in accordance with chapter 2 23 §, which specifically addresses reproductions made in scholarly works, critiques and newspapers/journals. Read the terms in the law, chapter 2 23 §.
Maps and some other works of a describing nature are not identified as illustrations or works of art according to the Swedish Copyright Law, instead they are considered literary works, see chapter 1, 1 § and can thereby be cited.
The Agreement with Bonus Copyright Access
Lund University has an agreement with the Reproduction Rights Organization Bonus Copyright Access which allows for certain reuse of published works without the need to seek permission, for education purposes within the higher education institution. Read more about the Agreement for Higher Education Institutions.
Seek permission to reuse an image
If exceptions in the Copyright Act are not applicable for your intended reuse or the image is not covered by a license or other agreement, you need to seek permission with all copyright owners in order to reuse the image. The permission may be sought in different ways.
Find images that can be used without permission
Images may be licensed under different terms and some allow free reuse. The licenses that allow reuse without the creator’s permission may be designed in different ways. Depending on the type of license, the image may be used freely without restrictions, or there may be some terms and conditions in place. As a general rule, attribution should always be given.