While some approaches to academic writing can vary due to the style, traditions and conventions within a discipline, it can be valuable to familiarise yourself with these general rules and practices. Having a general understanding for the main features and terms related to academic writing will help you throughout your writing process.
When you write an academic text, such as an essay, a paper or a thesis, you are required to write with correctness and precision and not to make groundless claims. You base your work on previous research by referring to, for example, an article or a book written by a researcher. It is important that you make it clear to the reader, which thoughts and arguments are your own, and which are someone else’s ideas. Giving credit to the researcher, who’s work and ideas you have presented in your text, is part of maintaining what is called as academic honesty. If you do not give credit where it is due, and you give the impression that the thoughts presented are your own, this may be interpreted as plagiarism, which is unacceptable. Read more about how to avoid that in our sections about plagiarism and referencing correctly.